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World Health Organization: No, Seriously, Stop Abusing Antibiotics - Atlantic Mobile

World Health Organization: No, Seriously, Stop Abusing Antibiotics - Atlantic Mobile

"The problem is so serious that it threatens the achievements of modern medicine. A post-antibiotic era—in which common infections and minor injuries can kill—far from being an apocalyptic fantasy, is instead a very real possibility for the twenty-first century."

That’s according to a 257-page warning today from the World Health Organization (WHO) about increasingly unbeatable, pervasive infectious agents. The analysis of 114 countries is the most comprehensive global look at antimicrobial-drug resistance to date, and it found “very high” rates of resistant infections across all regions, including “alarming” rates in many parts of the world.

If there’s ever an upside to panic, it’s inspiration. Responses to the WHO’s declaration of this “global health security threat”—which range from one U.K. expert agreeing we’ve reached a “critical point,” to Doctors Without Borders corroborating “horrendous rates of antibiotic resistance”—likewise suggest that some steady-handed panic is prudent here.

As bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites grow to defy the drugs that once killed them, so grows the threat to global public health. When more and more standard treatments no longer work, largely due to overuse and misuse, infections become difficult (or impossible) to control. Pathogens will spread more widely, and the illnesses and hospital stays they induce will be longer and more likely to kill people. Specifically, WHO warns, an infection with antibiotic-resistant bacteria compared to one with antibiotic-sensitive bacteria doubles a person’s risk of dying.

The organization’s immediate recommendations for everyone are reiterations, not new but oft ignored: Use antibiotics only when prescribed, take them for the entire time they’re prescribed (even if you feel better), and never share them or use leftovers.

On a global scale, the WHO says surveillance of drug-resistant outbreaks “is neither coordinated nor harmonized,” reporting “major gaps” and an “urgent need to strengthen collaboration … across government sectors and society as a whole.”

That’s especially relevant to agriculture, in that most antibiotics are used not on people, but on food animals so that we can grow them fast and in tight proximity. The world population is exploding, and it demands cheap meat. By 2050 there will be ten times more humans on Earth than there were in 1800. Factoring in the costs of widespread antibiotic use and resistance to the health of said humans—healthcare spending, lost productivity, unsettling collateral damage to our own natural microbiomes that we’re only beginning to understand, and other intangibles like feeling seriously threatened by something as once-subdued as gonorrhea (which the WHO found now exists in 36 countries in a form that cannot be killed by any antibiotic)—it’s not at all cheap.

9 things you should know about your caffeine habit

9 things you should know about your caffeine habit

Even if you’re not among the 63 percent of Americans who drink coffee every day, caffeine is hard to avoid. It’s all over your corner store, from energy drinks to colas and bottles of iced tea to cans of Starbucks “Refreshers.” For a while there, it was looking like even your gum was going to be caffeinated.

But despite its pervasiveness, we still understand little about the stuff. It doesn’t help that the beverage industry hopes to keep it that way; for instance, though energy drink sales have skyrocketed in recent years, their manufacturers aren’t required to label how much caffeine their products contain. Meanwhile, emergency room visits related to energy drink use increased more than tenfold between 2005 to 2009.

How to Set a Long Term Running Goal | Runner's World

How to Set a Long Term Running Goal | Runner’s World

As you set your goals for the New Year, consider planning beyond your next race or even your next season and choosing an ambitious long-term target. “If you’re just looking at lots of short cycles, it’s hard to reach your potential,” says Jess Cover, a running coach at On Track Performance Coaching in Burlington, Vermont. You can lose motivation once you hit a short-term goal, letting the fitness you’ve built lapse. Or you can train or race too much, burning out before you peak. By setting your sights on a macro-goal in the future, you can string together shorter training cycles and smaller victories in a way that builds toward a big win.

In Six Months, You Can…
Increase Your Short-Race Speed By One to Three Percent
If you haven’t been running regularly, spend one to three months building a base of at least three weekly runs, working up to at least six miles for your weekly long run, says Tim Bradley, M.S., C.S.C.S., the assistant cross-country and track coach at St. Louis University and owner of Big River Personal Coaching. Then add one speed workout per week: After a one- to two-mile warmup, run six to eight 30-second repeats at goal race pace or slightly faster, with one to two minutes of jogging in between. Each week, either speed up or lengthen your repeats until you’re running 30-second intervals at your mile race pace (“as fast as you can run while still feeling like you have another gear you can change into,” Bradley says) or two- to three-minute intervals at 5-K or 10-K pace. If you’ve been training consistently, do one speedwork day per week during the first three months, plus a long run and one to three easy runs. Beginning in the second month, swap one easy run for a tempo run each week. By race day, you’ll have honed your speed—and built the endurance to maintain it.

In Nine Months, You Can…
Double—Or Substantially Increase—Your Weekly Mileage
If you average 15 to 20 miles per week, increasing this total builds endurance and allows your muscles, joints, and bones to better adapt to the stress of the sport. Start by adding up to a mile to some of your runs (or two miles to one run) to increase your weekly total by 10 to 20 percent. Maintain this mileage until it feels easy—three to four weeks—then consider adding again. To stay healthy, slow your pace and do as many runs as you can on soft surfaces. Listen to your body: If you’re tired and achy, back off for a week. And instead of racing, set mini-goals focused on what Bradley calls “training fundamentals”—for instance, aim to spend five to 10 minutes on strength exercises (especially for your core and hips) before each run and five minutes foam-rolling afterward to boost injury resistance.

In One Year, You Can…
Run Your First Long Race
For new runners eyeing a half or full marathon, a year “gives you enough time to overcome the training learning curve and accumulate appropriate mileage,” Bradley says. While more-experienced runners could tackle these distances in three to six months, a year allows more chances to practice necessary skills like eating and drinking on the run without gastrointestinal distress. Follow the same guidelines you would to build mileage, but include shorter races every two to three months. Within two months of your goal race, use the next distance down (a 10-K if you’re training for a half, or a half for a full) as a trial run to test your race-day outfit, fueling strategy, and pacing strategy, Cover recommends.

In One Year-Plus, You Can…
Run a Distance-Race Personal Best
Figure out, percentage-wise, how much time you want to shave off and divide it into more than one training cycle if it reaches double digits. For example, if you’ve run a 4:30 marathon and you want to break four hours (11 percent faster), aim to speed up four to seven percent (11 to 19 minutes) in your next marathon, and cut the rest after another full training cycle. (This aggressive improvement may not be possible for all, but dedicating a year or more to marathon training ensures that you’ll run the best time you can.) Bradley recommends just one marathon per year (though other coaches allow one in spring and one in fall), with shorter races every six weeks along the way and a backup race six to eight weeks after the first in case weather or illness derails you. Half-marathoners can compress this schedule, planning for two per year with a backup three to five weeks out. As your race nears, make a plan for the weekend, including where you’ll eat, how you’ll get to the start, and how you’ll pace yourself. Follow it closely for the best chance of capitalizing on all your hard work.

The Top 10 Workplace Trends For 2014

The Top 10 Workplace Trends For 2014

7. More companies provide wellness programs

Health and wellness at work will become one of the biggest conversations next year, especially with the Affordable Care Act coming into effect. Employers will be able to use financial rewards and penalties to encourage healthier behaviors. Currently, employees who smoke cost companies an average of $5,800 per year and depressed employees cost companies $23 billion each year in loss of productivity. 10.8% of the workforce suffers from depression and they miss an average of 8.7 days per year due to poor health. Companies know they can save a lot of money and be more productive and effective with a healthier workforce. Professionals who are healthier are happier in their jobs too.

Slavery’s Shadow



Annette Gordon-Reed writes about “12 Years a Slave” and historians’ problems with slave narratives:

“Given the racial power dynamics, could blacks speak freely to the abolitionists and, later, to the white interlocutors who gathered stories for the Work Project Administration (W.P.A.), during the nineteen-thirties? If points of conflict arose, whose view would prevail?”

Photograph courtesy of Fox Searchlight.

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